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There are five different types of piles in Canfield Solitaire. They are:
A single card is dealt to the foundation of the same suit: this card forms the lead rank. 13 cards are dealt to the reserve pile, with the top card facing up. 1 card is dealt into each tableau. The remaining cards are placed into the stock face down. The waste and the other three foundations start off empty.
The objective of Canfield Solitaire is to get all 52 cards into the foundations, or as many as possible if all 52 cannot be placed. You must put the cards onto the foundation in order according to suit and rank, starting from the leading rank dealt at the beginning of the game, wrapping from King to Ace if neccessary.
The game counts the moves you make, and measures the time it takes to finish the game and how many cards made it onto the foundation, so you can compete against your previous best games if you want.
Richard A. Canfield was a rather famed gambler and an owner of the Canfield Casino in Saratoga Springs, New York during the 1890s. This variant of Solitaire was played at this casino where players could pay $50 to purchase a deck. A player would then earn back $5 for each card they managed to get into the foundation before giving up, with getting all 52 cards, and thus winning, earning $500 instead. So the aim of Canfield wasn't as much get all 52 cards into the foundation, just enough to get your investment back and then some (so breaking even would be placing 10 cards and anything else being a bonus for the gambler). While Canfield was popular it has the downside of only a single player being able to play on each table, limiting the scalability. Canfield Solitaire is notorius for being difficult to win. Barring undos it is speculated that expert players can clear maybe 40% of games, and casual but frequent players between 15% and 20%. A computer simulation shows that ~70% of dealt Canfield games can be solved to begin with.
This is the 8th Solitaire game on cardgames.io, and the first game ever that is not created by the owner! It was developed by Magnus, one of the two first employees of CardGames.io. It's a pretty hard game to win but we hope you enjoy it :)
Many thanks go to Nicu Buculei, who created the excellent playing card images that are used in the game.
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This is version 1795 of Canfield Solitaire.